Why aren’t there more missions in the U.S.?
The effort of Spain in the United States, the missions, was annihilated by the English colonists who, relying on the Creek Indians of Carolina, razed them. Although they were rebuilt several times, they always came back to destroy them.
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Hispanic Missions a destroyed work
Few remnants remain of the powerful Spanish missions in the territories of Georgia, Virginia, Alabama etc as they were destroyed by the English and Anglo-American settlers.
These missions could not be developed for a century as it happened in the rest of America, where even in size and architectural style, such as the Santiago de Jalpan Mission.
The missions of the Atlantic coast were destroyed by the English in 1704
Hunted for 200 years and their work finally destroyed. Many missions were built in North America. The first mission of the Atlantic Coast was already in the first decades of the year 1500.
Missions since 1526 in the U.S
They were created, but they remained for a short time
The first 4 missions that were created could not hold and were closed in less than 2 years. One of them was the mission of Santa Elena, Port Royal Sound Parris island, in South Carolina. However, in 200 years, Spain created more than 120 missions on the Atlantic Coast of the territories today of the United States of America.
Even the Spanish came to settle in Virginia. It was the Jesuits who installed a mission in 1570, but it failed as it was not protected by Spanish soldiers. The missionaries were killed, and the mission was abandoned.
Mission in Virginia, Chesapeake Bay
Missionaries Abandoned and Killed
The one called Bahía de Santa María by the Spaniards was explored in 1525. The Jesuits built a mission in what they called the lands of Ajacan. They refused to bring soldiers as usual and were abandoned in the jungle by their guide. Later they were assassinated by the natives led by Don Luis, a native educated by the Jesuits in Spain and Mexico.
Jesuits: 13 missions from the year 1566
Most failed and only 2 missions remained in 1587. The Spanish Jesuits pioneered Florida and created a dozen missions. The enormous difficulties caused the majority to fail.
More than 5th missions from 1588
The Franciscans and their missions
An epidemic and a Guale rebellion destroyed them. The epidemic cost more than 10,000 lives before 1616. The Georgia missions were abandoned.
New attempt to lift missions
They were rebuilt from 1617
A new epidemic kills thousands of indigenous people in 1650
Despite the fact that the missions were rebuilt and held strong for many years, a new epidemic swept through them.
More than 30 new missions from 1656
The reconstruction begins and soon more than 30 missions are raised. The missionaries’ work pays off, and a multitude of indigenous people learn trades and how to cultivate the land. More and more indigenous people set up their villages near them and participate in one way or another in the life of the missions.
But so many Indians grouped together are a temptation for the English settlers, who need slaves for their plantations. Soon slaveholders begin their attacks and are trapping indigenous people that they sell on the Carolina plantations.
The English attacks are repeating themselves. Raids of Indians armed by the English colonists of Carolina. These raids by English slavers, supported by armed Indians, ruined missionary activity from 1680 onwards. The captured Indians were taken as slaves to the plantations of the English colonists.
The final blow, razed and destroyed
English militia attack on Carolina
With the support of 1,000 Creek Indians. South Carolina militias attacked looking for slaves.
They destroy all the Spanish missions and take 4,000 indigenous women as slaves to the Carolina plantations
The attack of English troops from South Carolina led by Governor James Moore and supported by 1,000 indigenous Creeks stormed and destroyed the missions in 1704.
They destroy missions, kill or capture their inhabitants. Almost 10,000 indigenous people march to St. Augustine in Florida, to flee from the English militias and avoid being enslaved.
The missions totally shattered
Totally razed and all work lost. Its inhabitants had to leave the area to avoid being turned into slaves by the English and taken to their Carolina plantations. The great 200-year effort of the Spanish missionaries and its results were nullified by pressure from the English colonies and their search for slaves.
The sad fate of the indigenous people who attacked them
There are no indigenous people left on the East Coast
The example of how the Creek Indians were rewarded, who were decisive in attacking the Spanish missions by helping the militias of the English colonists, is a clear example of ethnic cleansing.
In the year 1827, these descendants of these Creek Indians who supported the English were forced by them, to leave the lands where they had lived for hundreds of years. Thousands of them died on the march to the interior of the country, in winter, and wrapped in blankets infected with smallpox, which were provided by the US Army.
“Many died when they were expelled from their territories and moved to new lands in Oklahoma”
Likewise, in 1830 the same thing happened to the Cherokee Indians, they were expelled from their lands to territories that were not yet in the United States. With virtually no American Indian remaining in Georgia or the Carolinas. A clear case of ethnic cleansing produced by the English settlers.
Practically, only indigenous people survive in the United States, in the areas that Spain controlled in North America. The case of the Genocide of the State of California, already happened with total impudence, paying 25 dollars per man, 20 per woman and 15 per dead indigenous child. A payment that the State of California paid to anyone who wore the hair of an indigenous person.