What plants did the Spanish bring to America?
There are many products or foods that were introduced in America. Among them, the plants that were already known in Europe stand out, although some came from the East, India or China. Spain brought to America plants that are now grown with great success and in large quantities, especially in the United States. The vines currently produce some great wines.
+ Hispanic Roots
Taken to New Spain and U.S.A
Cereals are grown in huge areas and exported all over the world.
The vast grasslands of the U.S have been turned into a gigantic barn with large-scale crops exporting all over the world
Now common plants
A great current wealth for the U.S.A carried by Spain. Some from Europe, others from the Far East. Wheat, vineyards, olive trees, almonds, sugar cane, etc.
Plants they introduced
Agriculture from Europe. Spain brought plants common in Europe to the United States and proceeded to acclimatize them. She chose the types of plants from the most similar climates and planted them in New Spain. Cereals such as rye, barley, oats, wheat
Fruits such as melons, peaches, apricots, figs, orange trees, lemon trees and even the famous Canarian bananas.
Nuts like almonds, walnuts, chestnuts. Vegetables and vegetables like peas, garlic, onions. The vine, the olive tree etc.
Textile plants, such as cotton, already known in Persia and Egypt since ancient times. As well as legumes, rice, etc.
But one plant had special importance in the Antilles and Cuba, sugar cane. Originally from Southeast Asia, it was only successfully cultivated in Spain, in Malaga and Motril. But if it could be taken to the Canary Islands where it could be cultivated.
Among the foods that were taken were traditional crops from Spain such as cereals, which are grown in Castillas in large quantities, they were also taken to America. They are currently cultivated in large areas, especially in the United States.
Vines, Cereals, ..
The Spanish also brought Citrus, Vegetables, Legumes etc.
Over time originated the famous wines, oils,.
Interestingly famous wineries in Spain have land where they produce some of the famous California wines. Among the plants that the Spanish brought, the products of the vineyards have been a success.
The spread of sugar
Some species such as the Sugar Cane took root strongly. They have given rise to famous brands of wines and oils
Some of the plants were very successful, such as sugar cane, which allowed the production of alcohols such as rum. Soon there were great famous plantations those of Cuba were made. In the American continent, when the lands allowed it, these plants arrived from Spain were soon planted.
To plant the vineyards, the choice of land was perfect. The famous California wines have their origin in the vines that the Spanish brought. The olive trees allowed the production of oil thanks to the olives or olives.
Other common vegetables are also carried such as lettuce, radishes, asparagus, carrots, cabbage or spinach.
And citrus products like oranges, lemons and fruits like cherries and apples, etc.
Legumes such as lentils and chickpeas. Agricultural forage products, many times used to feed animals, such as alfalfa, with its rich nutritional properties that only herbivores can properly exploit.
Products from the East
Coffee, garlic, rice, almonds, ..
Some were already used in Europe
Products highly appreciated in Europe
They gave grace to meals
There was an exchange of food products for this, other products that were already common in Europe were taken and soon they were taken to America.
Products such as Mustard, Pepper, Ginger, Cloves, Oregano, Rosemary, Cinnamon, Anise, Garlic, Cinnamon, Basil, Saffron.
Others like Rice, Onion, Almonds, Walnuts, Banana. soon they were a great success with the European population.
Stimulants like Coffee.
Some are exported all over the world
Wheat, rice, apples, grapes, cherries, etc.
The enormous extensions of cereal cultivation in the United States are known, especially wheat that is exported all over the world.