The Pirates Caribbean

His life de piratas
Approach de los piratas
FunLa vida de los piratas del Caribe
Descentde los piratas
Curiositiesde los piratas
Food piratas del Caribe
French piratas
Francis Drake Sir Francis Draque
John Hawkins John Hawkins
Walter Raleig Walter Raleig


Piracy is not a past issue, there is still

There has been no period in history without Pirates

Pirates Today

In recent years, there have been about 300 rounds per year to all types of vessels.

This phenomenon known in all periods of history, currently ongoing.

There are some particularly sensitive to outbreaks of piracy areas.

Normally maritime zones are numerous islands, and little development.


In these places is easy to find places to hide and have collaboration of a part of the population. Especially when they are poor or deprived areas. Governments do not always have or put sufficient resources to monitor such surface or many islands, sometimes sparsely inhabited.

In Central America, the Atlantic and the Caribbean area, especially along the coast of Venezuela and Brazil.

In Africa, on the Atlantic side, in the Gulf of Guinea, especially in Nigeria. And in the Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf, off the coast of Somalia.

On the coasts of India, is a point where many collisions occur, and its dangerous coasts and in Bangla Desh.

The numerous islands of the Philippines, and South China Sea, has been a traditional point of piracy.

But the biggest center of the current piracy, is in Indonesia and Malaysia. The Strait of Malacca, a transit of ships transporting goods between China and India. More than 500 ships pass daily through the area. Boats with few crew and abundant goods.

These acts of piracy affecting international trade and force countries like the Philippines or Indonesia, to make a strong vigilance. But being areas, numerous islands and much misery, unemployment much of the population, it is easy to hide and it is very difficult to control piracy.


Many islands to hide

Many islands to hide

The Caribbean Sea, Piracy in the New World

On the journey that made Columbus to reach America were encountered French pirates. It is not surprising, since the crew of the three ships including their own captains were Pinzón Spanish privateers. They had practiced piracy and had carte blanche until Ferdinand banned and assigned other tasks.

It has passed into history especially piracy in the Caribbean Sea, leaving a romantic tone, that little corresponds to reality.

Continuous wars in Europe, created an impoverished population that saw as their great hope of getting rich, it was the trip and a new life after the discovery of the New World.

Desperate, dreamers, penniless noblemen, who fugitives, criminals, and very dangerous people were added sailed for America.

With a strong core group of French and English, to which people of all nationalities were added, including runaway slaves, were the terror of the Caribbean during the XVI-XVIII centuries.

France feared the invasion of the country by being surrounded by the Spanish possessions in Europe. Flanders, parts of Northern Italy at that time belonged to the Spanish Empire and decides to empower privateers offering them protection in their ports in exchange for a share of the spoils.

England to discover the possibilities of enriching piracy after issuance of Drake and amazed by the enormous treasure that led and delivered to the Queen, decides to do the same. Providing ships and protection in their ports.

Thousands of boats from France, England and even Holland sail to America. Small boats of the time do not always manage to reach the thousands of kms of dangerous ocean and the two-month cruise.

With the protection of France and England, pirates sometimes turned into corsairs attacked any boat early in Spain, after all countries to steal everything they could. They were not saved nor the Spanish colony in the Caribbean. Sometimes grouped as genuine armies attacked as important colonies as Portobello and Panama. Sweeping, torturing and taking with them all the riches of them.

In 1937 the Caribbean was full of French pirates and Spain was forced to create the first fleet of boats for trips back and forth to America

Even entrepreneurs with business interests were devoted to enrich themselves at the expense of Spain made in the journey to America with their colonies smuggling and trafficking in slaves until the Spanish Crown banned. Since the return trip once sold the cargo and empty warehouses, many were accustomed to assaulting and robbing a Spanish ship.

The Spanish Crown powerful, dominant power of the time, no one could believe it and had to protect his galleons and its colonies. Two squads of ships to protect the oceanic fleet, with a base in the peninsula (Sevilla) and one in the Caribbean (Santo Domingo) was created in 1552

The full riches galleons bound for Spain, left the Caribbean, were grouped into fleets that left twice a year. Protected by powerful warships, made a safe journey to Spain ..

I had to send their best military architects and fortify major colonies. And increase the number of soldiers in the area.

With the Peace of Utrecht in 1713, all the European powers unite to fight piracy. Free trade with Latin longer exists, and all are victims of pirates. England and France decided not to support the many services Corsairs had made them, and both had enriched them. Being one of the most blatant cases for which it had been high and continued thanks to its protection for centuries piracy.

After a heyday, after an amnesty, gradually privateers and pirates who refused to give up piracy, are caught and hanged, to be forced to move to other areas around, and disappear others. Some time later has finalized Piracy in the Caribbean.

For most countries signed an agreement to ban letters of marque in its marine would take more than 150 years.


Barbary pirates converts to Islam

Barbary corsairs from North Africa

The Berbers extend the current countries of North Africa: Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.

From the XVI-XVIII century ravaged the coasts of the Western Mediterranean. The Turkish power, supported the local pirates republics under the Ottoman Empire.

Under his allegiance and protection, were becoming increasingly strong and dangerous.

The claims of Carlos V to control North Africa, were dashed with the growing power of these corsairs states.

The Barbarossa celebrate, Spanish stopped a landing on its shores in 1519, and in 1534 came to take Tunisia, but was recovered the following year.

They made alliances with France to oppose Spain, France gave them protection in their ports and they allowed them to trade in the Mediterranean.

For centuries, all crew and passengers of ships captured, were sold as slaves, if they could not get ransom for them.

Raided the coasts of the Mediterranean, capturing numerous fishermen and peasants who were taken to Algiers. Assaulted both boats like stocks, seizing everything that had any value, and taking with captive to its inhabitants.

We had to create a whole line of watchtowers along the entire coast of the Mediterranean. These towers were primarily surveillance and protection. Should notify in advance of the arrival of the pirates, to organize the defense.

Until the eighteenth century with the decline of Turkish power, and the confrontation with France, they constantly attack ships and costs.



The Turks an empire expanding

The Turks began their expasión by the Mediterranean Sea, with Suleiman II Magnifico.

The siege to the island of Malta and the conquest of Cyprus, allowing them to have bases from which to attack the coasts.

This Turkish threat saw him clearly Pope Pius V, which fostered the creation of a Holy League against them.

The Holy League was formed by Spaniards, Venetians, Genoese, Sicilians, Neapolitans, Malta and Papal troops. League led by the Spanish Juan de Austria, with 20,000 Spanish, 10,000 men Venetians and the papacy.

The defeat of the Turks in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, against the Holy League halted its advance, although the Barbary corsairs in the service of the Turkish Ottoman Empire to escape. Discrepancies between Christian allies, squandered the victory and made the Turks could rebuild his army quickly.

The conquest of Tunisia by the Ottoman fleet in 1574, indicating the recovery of its navy and sits even more the Turkish power in the Western Mediterranean.

With the support of the Barbary corsairs, his subjects, and the alliance with France, the Barbary pirates privateers be converted to the terror of the Mediterranean shores for centuries.


France, with the Barbary pirates

An alliance with the Ottoman Empire

France saw an opportunity to get rich in collaboration with the Barbary while weakened Spain pirates. The alliance of Francis I of France with the Turks besieged Spain.

Tthe embodiment of a first treaty that allowed the French ships trading in the Turkish ports in 1536, he gave a great economic advantage.

Later was quite Alliance, as they came to battle against Spain, with the help of the fleets of the Barbary Corsairs, subjects of the Ottoman Empire. For centuries the Berbers had provisioning and protection of French ports.

With that France forced Spain, to divide its forces in the Mediterranean to protect its coasts from their attacks. For centuries the Berbers had provisioning and protection of French ports. With that France forced Spain, to divide its naval forces in the Mediterranean to protect their own costs of the Peninsula. He also had to protect their other possessions in Italy and the Mediterranean Sea from their continuous attacks.


Pirates and Corsairs Cristianos

Christians in the service of the Kings Corsairs.

Christian Reyes also used privateers to attack both ships as Mediterranean populations.

The Crown of Aragon used to Roger de Flor, to settle their possessions. Frederick III of Sicily Corsair sought the services of Roger de Flor, outstanding navigator and advocate of Messina.

The Byzantine emperor hired pirates and mercenaries to attack the Turks, when they still controlled the entire peninsula of Anatolia. At your service, Roger de Flor in front of Catalan almogávares defeated the Turks on several occasions.

They gave sometimes the case that defended populations boats Levante Peninsular and chasing pirates in their flight to their bases in North Africa, acting as pirates in other populations, with the sole purpose of obtaining a good haul.

The Genoese and Venetians if they encountered Muslim ships, also acted as pirates ,. Sometimes if among the spoils were slaves, although they were Christians, came to sell them, as if they were Muslims with the rest of the load barco.Tambien from islands such as Malta, departing ships to attack ships and Arab populations primarily of costs North Africa.

PIRATES OF ALL TIMES: Pirates of Yesterday and Today, many islands and places to hide, Caribbean, Berbers, Turks, Christians ..

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