Islands and places of pirates

corsario, pirata, bucanero
Island Jamaica corsario, pirata, bucanero
Island Tortuga corsario, pirata, bucanero
Puerto Rico corsario, pirata, bucanero
Island Mocha corsario, pirata, bucanero
Inglaterra corsario, pirata, bucanero

PUERTO RICO attacked by pirates and privateers

Its importance was due to be the entrance to the Caribbean

Island of Puerto Rico

Strategic location

Discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493. Because of its strategic position, it became an island with a major Spanish military presence.

It was heavily fortified, and later walled in order to deal with the pirate attacks, British, French and Dutch.


The Indians called it Boriquén

The Spaniards named San Juan Bautista

Inhabited by the Taino Indians until the arrival of the Spaniards. The population of the island was soon a mix of Taino, Spanish and African slaves. A real multiracial mix.

It was fortified to protect it from attacks by pirates and privateers

In 1539 Fort San Felipe del Morro is built

Its strategic location made many attacks by pirates and corsairs, French, English and Dutch white.

The Spanish Crown initially considered that it was not necessary to an army, or major fortifications to defend the colonies, as the domination of the seas of America, was totally Spanish. The defense was up to the trustees. These should keep in perfect condition their swords, spears, guns and horses. In case of pirate attacks they should defend the inhabitants of the city.

But from 1530, with the arrival of the first French pirates, this proved insufficient. And it was necessary to have some fortifications and garrisons more numerous soldiers. In 1533 the Santa Catalina Palace (The Fortress), Governor's residence is built. In 1634, the fort of San Cristobal is built. At this time the construction of the city wall is also started.

Francis Drake attacked the island in 1595

There he managed to take the city

After the disaster of the Great Armada against England in 1588, England was wrong to consider that the Spanish Crown, could not defend their possessions in America. He sent several fleets to occupy the most important islands.

In 1595 came the privateering fleet of Drake and Hawkins, docked when a Spanish ship loaded with gold and silver.

Futilely he tried to occupy the island of San Juan (Puerto Rico), but managed to burn several ships in the harbor. Punished by artillery from the fort of San Juan, a gunshot hit his boat and nearly killed.


The Earl of Cumberland (1598)

He captured the city, you can not keep and leaves

Although he held the city for a while, I had to leave for the resistance and dysentery that killed several hundred of his men. Also the loot before boarding.

Enrico B. The Dutch attacked the island (1625)

beat the garrison

Although able to seize a part of the city, the strong resistance forced him to retire, it destroys the city and burns La Fortaleza.


Brief History of the Island

The importance of Puerto Rico

The story of an island fortress that was central to the defense of the Caribbean.

Not only one of the best preserved fortifications in America, but was an example of mixed races.

As early as 1700 the Crown of Spain privateering licenses in order to defend the coast.

Abercromby in 1797

It is surrounding the city but is forced to retire

Abercromby, landed on the island, with an army of 7,000 soldiers. Fails to take the city.


To defend the coast, it allows Corsairs

Consequences of the Peace of Utrecht in 1713

The peace agreement confirmed the resignation of the Spanish Crown, the total control over the American territories. Since the right of other countries to officially join the trade for a period of time, grant special permission was recognized. When in fact, France, England and Holland were already established in the West Indies, creating small colonies for more than 50 years.

Faced with this new threat, Puerto Rico feels in danger and fear a new invasion, as he had earlier in its history. Therefore it is looking for ways to protect their coasts, in English, French and Dutch.

Authorizes the appearance of privateers, to defend their shores, and control smuggling. These pirates will extend through the Caribbean Sea.

Henriquez (1700-1750)

This Puerto Rican privateer, came to have a fleet of 25 ships

It recovered to the Spanish Crown Vieques, defeating the English. His power grew over time and increase the number of privateers, to control a whole fleet.

He received the recognition of Philip V of Spain, who gave him an official letter of marque, and was rewarded with a medal Regia.



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