What are the Hispanic roots and heritage in the U.S.?
Many of the typical characteristics of North America have a Hispanic origin. Spain shows its roots in its symbols, rodeos, jeans, clothes, parties, etc.
First representation of Theater in U.S – Moors and Christians in America
The first Grammar was Spanish in U.S – Georgia: Guale Language
Why does the Grand Canyon of the Colorado have a Hispanic name?
Heading to the Pacific (U.S), Hispanics to the Missouri – Lewis and Clark
Leather soldier (Soldiers of Cuera), Hispanic border Guards of the U.S. border
Why is only English history told?
The Hispanic roots in the United States (U.S), the other forgotten History
Shields and flags: Hispanic symbols in the United States
The First Colony: The first European establishment was Spanish
First Cowboys: The cowboys come from Spain
First rodeos: The rodeos came from Mexico
The Spanish Dollar: The dollar sign is Spanish since the 15th century
Mosé, Road to Florida: English slaves took refuge in Florida
Hispanic Pocahontas: The story is based on real Hispanic events
The First Theater:Representation in the image of Moors and Christians
First teaching: As early as 1500 the first schools
First Grammar: Grammar of an indigenous language
Plants of Spain: Plants known from Europe to America
Animals of Spain: The most acclimatized breeds were selected
The First Mission: Dozens of missions were created
Grand Canyon of the Colorado: Discovered by Spanish explorers
Old Spanish Trail: United New Mexico with California
The Pacific Route: Manuel Lisa explorations
First Thanksgiving: Held in Florida 70 years earlier
The first church: Gift of King Carlos III of Spain
First Map of North America: The great value of Spanish maps
First Journalistic Story: Chronicle of a long journey through North America
Hispanic Footprints in the U.S.
Despite the fact that Mexico was stripped of half of its territory, its roots continue in it. This story has been ignored or hidden until now, but its evidence is strongly presented
The Hispanic Community sees its roots are still reflected in symbols, flags and customs of the United States of North America (U.S)
The American President Obama recognized him and has placed the Hispanic hero Bernardo de Gálvez in his rightful place in the US Congress Hall, among the scarce half a dozen great men with honors.
Dragones de Cuera, heavily armed Hispanic soldier on horseback, border guard
The Roots of the current United States of North America: American historians have ignored periods of its history, but Spain is present in its symbols, customs, clothes, festivals, etc.
Spain has its history in the US:
The colonies and missions of Spain in the United States.
The first Spanish settlement in the US
Herds of cattle to Louisiana carrying thousands of head of cattle
Rodeo from Mexico to Texas
Escaped slaves from Carolina and Georgia took refuge in Florida
The first truly world currency the Spanish Dollar
The real adventure of a Spanish Sevillian taken to the cinema
First theater performance in New Spain
Spanish schools for Mexicans
The missionaries had to learn the language of the indigenous people to be able to evangelize more easily
Plants from Spain are taken to America
The animals of Spain that adapted to America
Spain built more than 100 missions in territories of the Atlantic Coast in the United States of North America
The Grand Canyon of the Colorado was already known at the beginning of the 16th century
The Old Spanish Trail that linked Nevada with California is rediscovered
On the famous Lewis and Clark Expedition, some of the maps that the Spanish made of the Missouri River earlier were used
The Spanish celebrated a Thanksgiving day by settling in San Agustín, 50 years before the English
King Carlos III of Spain financed a church so that Spaniards who resided and visited the area could celebrate their Catholic mass
There are many English creations and customs that are not.
It is surprising to discover that even the dollar sign ($) comes from Spain
Surprises of History: Roots, Traces and Heritage of Spain
The Hispanic roots of the current United States of America are numerous.
The U.S owes so much to Spain that there are even traces in the territories of the former 13 colonies, but they are sometimes considered Anglo-Saxon customs or signs. But Hispanic descent is very large in many territories.
Interestingly, these Hispanic roots have been ignored or belittled for centuries.
The occupation of half the territory of Mexico, which from that moment became the territory of the United States, makes the evidence already overwhelming.
The Spanish in America were no worse than other Europeans of their time
Even better, the Spanish authorized miscegenation 400 years earlier than in the U.S. In the U.S. only 2% of the population is of Native American origin. It is surprising that in Hispanic America, it is the majority with indigenous blood.
The Spanish Black Legend was created to justify the expansionism of other English, French, Dutch countries
This Black Legend in which the Spanish embodied all the worst spread throughout Europe.
At that time, Spain was the hegemonic power in Europe, with possessions in Italy, Flanders, North Africa and some islands in the Mediterranean, such as Sardinia and Sicily.
The realization of the enormous wealth that came to Spain from the New World was the last straw for the rest of the European countries, which felt threatened.
The black legend passed the Atlantic with the English and French settlers
The Black Legend served to justify piracy against the ships of Spain and the expansion of the English colonies
Concealing the economic reasons and using the moral ones, it was admitted to attack the Spanish missions and colonies in North America.
The idea was promoted that ordinary Spaniards were cruel, fanatical, superstitious, full of greed, etc.
But unfortunately the English who came to North America were also Europeans like the Spanish with all the defects including cruelty and greed.
The writer Whitman rebelled against this self-serving stereotype
According to him, there were as many reprehensible acts carried out by the English colonists as by the Spanish in the colonization of North America.
This reaction was the result of contemplating a scandalous event in the United States. It was considered unworthy to research and write about the Spanish presence in North America for 300 years.
To the Hispanic-Indian mix
For Anglo-Americans, miscegenation was considered as something unworthy and that caused an inferior race
It was a great surprise to the Anglo-Americans of the newly created United States, in their occupation and expansion through the territories of California, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Texas, etc. Most of the Spaniards they encountered were mestizo.
Contrary to the English, among the Spaniards it was common to marry Indian women. Even the nuns had schools where they would educate the future wives of the Spaniards. In Mexico there were descendants of the royal family of Moctezuma who married Spaniards and carried on their family title with pride.
The history of North America has been reduced to the English colonies of the East Coast
Not only did Spanish explorers pass, there were also colonizers
A vision has been given of Anglo-American expansion into lands that were uninhabited or populated by Native Americans. However, for 300 years Spain kept the area under her sovereignty. In the flags of Arizona, New Mexico, Florida, Alabama, Montana, Puerto Rico, Los Angeles, etc., you can see the colors of Spain. Even distant Alaska preserves more than 200 place names from Spanish exploration of the area.
Spain created a Transcontinental Empire from the Atlantic to the Pacific
2/3 of the United States has had contact with the Spanish. The territories under Spanish control were immense, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
There are remains of Spanish constructions from in Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona. Although many have disappeared because they are made of wood, others still remain.
The difficult colonization and the absence of precious metals
Expeditions and extreme weather
North America was not colonized in the 16th century due to the lack of gold, the enormous difficulties that were encountered, and the climate of the time.
North America was in a little Ice Age, with much lower temperatures than centuries later. The hurricanes sank several expeditions of Spanish ships.
Unfortunately, already established colonies were also destroyed by winds and hurricanes.
The Spanish were the first explorers and colonizers of North America
From Virginia to Canadá reaching Alaska
When the navigator Cook arrived in Alaska to his surprise, he found some silver spoons from the Spanish explorer Pérez, stolen by the Indians years before.
Some say that when the explorer Jacques Cartier from France arrived in Canada, the natives received him saying “nothing here” because Spaniards had passed by looking for Gold in the area. Basque fishermen had already visited the area establishing fishing factories.
Some lands of no interest to the Spanish, except the strategic
An entire Empire in the rest of America with a better climate and more wealth
The Spanish Empire of America in addition to the South of North America covers the rest of the continent. Lands with better climate and more wealth.
Although some of the North American lands were very good for agriculture, there were also other good ones near the mining areas further south.
After the failures of the first attempts to colonize southern North America in the 16th century, this land was considered a frontier and for 100 years no further attempts were made to install new colonies, forts, and missions.
Only the attempts to establish themselves by the English and French pushed the border north to stop them.
Spain colonized in addition to exploring North America
They were not only military forts
It has been wanted to forget that much of the country was explored by the Spanish. Hundreds of forts and missions spread over large areas of its current territory for 300 years.
Large expeditions such as that of Soto and Coronado brought with them cattle ranchers, farmers, farm equipment, and everything necessary to establish colonies.
The current USA has the fauna and flora that the Spanish brought in the 16th century.
The Presidios (fortified farms) and missions to settle in a new territory, changed the economy and customs of the area. They represented livestock, agriculture, commerce and construction. The area underwent a transformation due to the changes it caused.
Soldiers of the country: The Leather Soldiers of New Spain
Cuera dragons, soldiers on horseback
These dreaded soldiers commanded respect despite being very few in number.
They patrolled on horseback, guarding the borders, armed with musket, spear, shield and sword.
Borderlands of New Spain
The northern territories of New Spain a defensive frontier against English and French attempts
For Spain the only land border of America was the territories of the current United States. The rest of the American continent was under Spanish control.
Being territories without mining wealth, with a very cold climate at that time, hurricanes and with a huge extension, it was considered a froteriza area. A border in zing zang that reached 6,000 km.
Spanish colonization is forgotten for 300 years
It speaks almost exclusively of French and English colonization
The Spanish the great forgotten in the history of the United States. The English and French presence is mentioned but only the Spanish one in passing.
When you talk about New Orleans you are talking about French colonial architecture. However, the buildings that are still preserved are from the time (1762-1800) under the sovereignty of Spain, the Golden Age for Louisiana.
There is talk of the murder of Indians by the Spanish and those carried out by the English are minimized.
On the entire East Coast, not a single native tribe has remained on its territory. Or they were killed or displaced thousands of km during the winter, many of them perishing on the way.
Spain was a pioneer in the Laws of Defense of the indigenous
The effort of the Spanish Crown in favor of the natives has not been sufficiently appreciated. Hernán Cortés himself signed death sentences against Spanish soldiers for mistreating indigenous women.
Spain made laws to protect indigenous people and exemplary punishments for those who did not comply with them.
English and Anglo-American laws were fundamentally against the Indians and their rights. Not even on paper did they mention the rights of the Indians.
From the Atlantic to the Pacific Spanish constructions
Some are still preserved
Despite the centuries that have passed, Spanish constructions can be seen from the 16th century.
The famous Alamo Mission in Texas, New Orleans, Tucson, Santa Fe and the impeccable Castillo de San Marcos in St. Augustine, Florida are just a few examples.
More than two thousand Hispanic names in the USA
All over the country
A multitude of names of towns, mountains, rivers, lakes, etc. have remained.
Throughout the territory, especially in the South. They have even given names to states like Nevada, Montana, Arizona, New Mexico, California, Florida, Colorado and let’s not forget Alaska, etc.
Hispanics in the United States seek their roots and find them
The first schools, forts, missions, rodeos, transport of herds of cattle, colonies, thanksgiving, coins, denim clothes, theater, parties, etc. were Spanish.
The cinema has attributed North American customs to Anglo-Saxon culture and no one doubts them. But not even such obvious symbols as the $ (Dollar) are American. Even its currency was a copy of the strong currency of the time, the Spanish Dollar.
It is incredible that one tries to forget the presence of Spain (1513 to 1821) for most of the territory. The importance of the Spanish work has marked the fauna and flora, livestock and agriculture in the U.S.A.