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Francis Drake Sir Francis Draque
John Hawkins John Hawkins
Walter Raleig Walter Raleig

Pirates and Corsairs Dutch, beggars del Mar

Holland and Piracy: From pirates pirates

Corsairs of the House of Orange in the Netherlands

The Occupation of the Netherlands

Flanders: A war for prestige and ruined Spain

The Spanish Crown took possession of Flanders by Carlos I.

El Rey born in Ghent (Belgium), knew this land and language. He was considered by his subjects in Flanders as the legitimate sovereign.

To abdicate in 1556, his son Philip II, this is no longer recognized as their sovereign king, and is considered a foreigner.

piratas

A 80-year war

Almost a century of military spending in a war for prestige

Start a 80-year war, which led to the ruin and decline Spanish. Although the Spanish Crown repeatedly wanted to find a solution with a honrrosa output Flanders failed. His prestige prevent him leaving some territories that did not cause him more than huge military spending. The Spanish Empire succeeded at that time to be the largest of Imperior history.

The Spanish fleet was finally defeated with the help of France and England, and Spanish possessions besieged by Dutch, English and French privateers.

The Occupation of Flanders

Revolt against Spain, Calvinism and misery

Flanders ruled Margaret, sister of King Philip II, this promised not to intervene with force, but Catholics bothered. However the King prevented freedom of worship.

The appearance of a religion Calvinism a plague of hunger, the excesses of the Inquisition, and looting of the mercenaries of the king who did not receive their pay, caused a rebellion by the Netherlands spread.

Philip II was not willing to tolerate and sent an army to put an order. Her sister Margarita, resigned.

The Duke of Alba arrived in command of an army, and beheaded rebellion.

William of Orange

He organized pirates against Spain

William of Orange manages to escape and war begins. In Germany hires an army of mercenaries, and organizes sea pirates for their cause. Granted letters of marque to ships and bases in La Rochelle (France) and Dover (England) lifts all boats against Spain.

For 80 years, from 1568-1648, who managed to gain independence, Spain was ruined in a war it could not win, but not removed, for the prestige of being the greatest power of the time. The biggest disaster occurred in 1639, the Spanish fleet of war is defeated by the Dutch and French pirates.

France financed the rebellion, helped both the maritime battles, like cutting off supplies. England sent pirate ships and even soldiers.

 

Company of the West Indies

He supported the expeditions of privateers

He organized and controlled smuggling, with the Spanish possessions in America. It gave the Raiders the logistical support both its factories, and economically in their expeditions.

Founded in 1621, had a monopoly of trade with America and control of the slave trade

Interestingly, most of the gains provided by those booties corsairs expeditions, they sponsored.

The House of Orange

It provided letters of marque

Like Elizabeth I of England, the House of Orange of the Netherlands, saw clearly that the chances were developed at Sea

Therefore, initially organized pirates, and gave them letters of marque, enfrentandoles the Spaniards, during the occupation of the Netherlands.

Ending the Spanish occupation, encouraged expeditions to America.

In search of salt

They needed salt for their salted fish and cheeses.

Holland had a major canning industry by both salted meat and fish. Also at that time, elaborated cheeses and butters with great success.

All this industry needed huge amounts of salt, for processing. To solve this shortage was necessary to import salt from other countries.

At first imported from Portugal. By joining Spain and Portugal under the Spanish Crown, they were forced to look for in America.

In search of Sugar

They could not resell

In 1580, with the Iberian Union, Philip II of Spain, prevented the Netherlands could buy sugar in Portugal. Because of this, could not trade with sugar with other countries.

They sought new sources and stormed Salvador in 1624. But before long were expulsador for Portuguese and Spanish army.

In retaliation for this, they prepared a large fleet of privateers and made an assault on the Silver Fleet, who came to capture.

 

Captured Fleet Plate

Piet Heyn in 1628

The great desire breach of all pirates, the Dutch got it, capturing the Silver Fleet in Cuba.

The fleets of galleons came to Spain twice a year, with all the gold and silver in America, were strongly protected. This was one of the few occasions that an enemy country managed to capture it.

A huge fleet of Dutch privateers attacked and captured. The booty was great. With them he helped finance and build a new fleet with which to invade Brazil.

Conquest of Pernambuco

Create New Holland

With the enormous benefits of capturing the Silver Fleet, a great expedition of more than 60 ships to the Caribbean partío was financed.

Occupy new territory for the Netherlands. In America they created with them the colony of New Netherland, and for nearly 30 years was under Dutch control.

But they could not keep the colony. The Spanish Crown still had enough ships at that time. And the Spaniards under the command of Admiral Oquendo, destroy them part of the fleet of Dutch warships in the area.

Captain of the Sea Beggars

William de la Marck, head of the Corsairs

He participated in the creation of pirates and privateers called Beggars of the Sea, which both helped the independence of the Netherlands. He mounted his refuge on the island of Voorne at the mouth of the Meuse.

This group of Corsairs supported by the House of Orange, at the beginning of religions persecution took merchant ships and armed to attack the Spaniards.

France supported them financially and allowed to settle in the port of La Rochelle, where they attacked the Spanish ships.

England allowed to use the port of Dover, and regaining the Canal traffic. They were subsequently expelled by Elizabeth I of England, to please Felipe II of Spain.

 

Laurens de Graff (Lorencillo)

Ruthless pirate

It was very common for pirates and privateers captured sailors forced to join them. This happened to Lorencillo, named for his small stature.

But it seems that it was not essential because it itself had other notable attitudes. Unfortunately soon became a famous pirate for his cruelty.

 

Cornelio Holz (Peg leg)

It became Admiral of the Dutch Company

It was a courageous Dutch privateer who repeatedly attacked the Spanish and Portuguese fleets in the Caribbean and Brazil. Very good sailor, he rose to be in command of his own squadron of warships.

He participated in the Spanish-Dutch war, highlighting the battle of the Dunes.

PIRATES AND DUTCH CORSARIOS: William of Orange, the Sea Beggars, Compania de Indias, the House of Orange, Lorencillo, Peg leg..


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