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Francis Drake Sir Francis Draque
John Hawkins John Hawkins
Walter Raleig Walter Raleig

Pirates and Corsairs famous: Sir FRANCIS DRAKE (1543-1596)

In his travels made long voyages, coming to circumnavigate the globe

Corsair Expeditions Drake

There were sea pirates, who made genuine marine explorations. Although not exactly scientific purposes, made long journeys, despite the dangers.

Francis Drake was one of them. Commanding 5 ships and with the support of Queen Elizabeth I of England, he prepared an expedition to the Pacific in 1577.

He assaulted by surprise unprotected Spanish colonies in the Pacific, taking with great wealth.

 

Sir Francis Drake

FRANCIS DRAKE selling African slaves began and ended as English Corsair

Egotistical

Circumnavigation

He put on his coat legend "First to circumnavigate the Earth", unaware that they had done the Spaniards.

 

Pretentious

The Strait of Sickles

He gave the name Drake Passage, sea Sickles, discovered in 1525, ie 50 years ago by the Spaniards.

It was also linked to the discovery of Tierra de Fuegos. However many years before and in the reports of the Spanish navigators as an archipelago.

Francis Drake pioneer

He made a long journey to the Pacific

The Corsair Drake, was a skillful mariner.

He got Queen Elizabeth I, grant her carte blanche and help him prepare an expedition against the Spanish possessions of America.

In command of five ships, across the Strait of Magellan and work your way to the Pacific Ocean, losing two of them on the journey.

His early life Marino

He embarked at age 13

He began his life as a sailor with 13, and 20 and was captain of a ship.

He started making expeditions to Africa, to capture African slaves and ended up sacking the Spanish possessions.

He became the first English to circumnavigate the planet, although more than 50 years after that made the Spaniards.

 

Pupil of John Hawkins

He learned from his uncle, the famous privateer sailing

Hawkins was a famous privateer and navigator of his time.

Participated with him in an expedition that traveled to Africa in search of slaves, and attacked the West Indies and Cartagena de Indias in Colombia today.

On the same trip, he managed to enter the port of Veracruz, hoisting Spanish flags on their ships.

The Spaniards, who awaited the arrival of an army, gave them all the facilities and allowed them entry.

Even the people greeted them from the city, thinking it was a Spanish armada.

They captured the fort and captured the city without any resistance. He remained there until he came and surprised by the Spanish armada.

Veracruz escaped by a whisker

Upon reaching the Spanish armada, he abandoned his men

When I was in forced negotiations to settle their ships and provisioned, appeared the Spanish armed with 13 boats, which came the new Viceroy.

Hawkins himself surrounded by the Spaniards, overnight cargoen your boat gold, silver and valuables which had seized.

He left with a ship to England, leaving the rest of his men on land fighting contro Spanish soldiers.

But was surprised his nephew had already fled. By marching saw a missing boat, Francis Drake, who had been the first to escape to England.

The Spaniards captured all the English ships in the harbor, seizing numerous pieces of artillery.

 

 

Attacks to the Canary Islands

Twice attempted to invade the islands

In 1585, Francis Drake with a fleet and about 6000 men, try entering the city.

They were repulsed with heavy artillery from, and militias who waited them on the beaches, preventing the landing.

In 1595, along with John Hawkins, new invasion attempt to Palmas de Gran Canarias.Con a fleet of 30 ships and 3000 men, tries disembark. Again they are rejected.

He seizes Cartagena de Indias

Enter the city by surprise night

In 1586, gets on the city overnight.

Calls for a huge ransom for not burn the city, nevertheless, as shown burning 200 houses.

Rescue, all valuables, artillery, and even the bells of the cathedral was.

 

He seized Santo Domingo

With a fleet of 25 ships invades the city of Spanish

In 1585 prepares a new expedition and a fleet carrying about 9,000 men, attacked the city and seized it.

Could do little 500 musketeers and a local militia to stop it.

He seized all valuables demanding a huge ransom for not burning the city and not kill their inhabitants. Although not entirely fulfilled the promise and burned a neighborhood of Santo Domingo.

He watched Spanish La Gran Armada

He was Vice Admiral in the service of England

In 1988, before the attempted invasion of England by the Spanish Crown, led a part of the British navy.

I took advantage of the differences between the two fleets: The Spanish fleet was composed of heavier ships and more effective in shooting with guns. The ships were designed for the routes to America and to transport large quantities of goods.

The English fleet prepared for the North Atlantic Ocean, lighter and more maneuverable boats. Designed for piracy and speed. With more powerful artillery, although imprecise to be the lighter boats and move in moments of shooting.

 

He circumnavigated the Earth to escape the Spaniards

It was the Pacific, and ended up walking the earth

His expedition ready to plunder by surprise the Spanish colonies in the Pacific, practically forced him to go most of the American coast.

By not find a way through North America to the Atlantic to return to England, he was forced to cross the Pacific.

He was fortunate to have kidnapped a Portuguese rider Nuno de Silva who knew much of the route.

Also crossed the Indian Ocean, Africa and bordering came to England, after going around the world.

 

Letters stole important Spanish maritime navigation

To seize Spanish ships

The English joined the expeditions to the New World waters, 80 years after the Spanish expeditions.

Therefore lacked the precise and valuable enough, Navigation charts of the Spaniards.

The possession of these letters Marine, was a huge breakthrough for England. Thus no effort, got the cartographic work of decades, the Spanish fleet.

Maritime letters indicating not only the best routes, also reported from the prevailing winds in each area, provisioning places to get water or fresh food.

Got a great treasure in the Pacific

He took the Galleon Plate

He captured a Portuguese pilot, who knew the Pacific. Appearing by surprise in those waters, caught unawares the Spaniards, and stormed the unprotected colonies.

He spotted the Galleon Plate. posing as a Dutch merchant ship in distress. When the galleon came to his aid, seized him in a few minutes. The Spaniards surprised not have time to take up arms.

The treasure he got was immense, and he could return to England as a hero, full of riches and immensely rich. Even if it had to go around the world, knowing that the Spaniards were waiting off the coast of South America to at step toward the Atlantic.

He helped the first English colony

He served the English desire

England wanted to have colonies in America, as did the Spaniards.

Commanding a fleet reached the Spanish possessions in Florida that were looted.

He collaborated with the first English colony in North America, on an island in North Carolina.

He picked up the few survivors who found the first colony. He returned with settlers who had failed to settle in the area of ​​Virginia, USA today.

 

He attacked the port of Cádiz

He managed to fire 30 valuable boats

In 1587, already privateer under the orders of Queen Elizabeth I of England, and to the news that an expedition against England was preparing decides to weaken the Spanish fleet.

In command of an expedition of 30 ships attacked by surprise the port of Cadiz.

The Spanish spy thought the English fleet attack Lisbon in Portugal, (country at that time also belonged to the Spanish Empire). The city was waiting to face but did not appear there. It surpassed Lisbon and the Portuguese coast, reaching its goal Cádiz.

Unexpectedly appeared in Cádiz, raided and burned 30 ships that were in port, capturing one valuable goods. He plundered the city was left defenseless.

This victory made the preparation of the expedition to England in the Spanish fleet was delayed and favored the subsequent disaster of the Great Armada.

He failed in Corunna

He lost 20 ships, in an unsuccessful assault

The Spaniards, while back for a English attack led to believe that the city of La Coruña was somewhat protected.

This idea made it to deduce the English because during an English attack were not used in the defense of the city, one group of gun batteries that protected it.

Thinking about the possible weakness of Spain after the disaster of the Armada, England prepared the Contraarmada.

In 1589, when the British commanding Drake attacked the city again, they found few defenders were not expecting.

The cannon fire from the fortifications of the coast, causing them to the English more than 10,000 dead.

They destroyed more than 20 ships in the ambush, surrounded by gun batteries they thought did not exist.

Such was the disaster, despite several attempts, could not even get to disembark.

His expedition with 25 ships to the Spanish colonies was a failure

He tried to rob Santo Domingo, Puerto Rico, Panama without result

With the idea of ​​the supposed weakness of Spain attends the Caribbean. In 1595, another privateering expedition to America, to plunder the Spanish possessions again. With a fleet of 25 vessels and thousands of privateers, comes back from England.

Failing in the assault of Puerto Rico, try smaller mainland populations, raiding and burning Riohacha and Santa Marta. But at the exit of the village at the mouth of the river lost several ships and a large share of the spoils.

Try to get hold of Cartagena de Indias, but fails to losses. Then directed the expedition to the Pacific Ocean attacking Panama, and failed again.

 

Defeated in Puerto Rico

He tried the assault twice

Arrives from England to America, to plunder Spanish possessions again.

Do not get hold of Puerto Rico, twice was defeated, and was about to die, dropping a cannon on the bridge.

He failed to make the cities that were beginning to be fortified.

 

PRIVATEERS Y PIRATES

Selecting the world of Pirates and Corsairs

Die in Portobello

He did not get more wins

After the disasters of Puerto Rico, assault small towns, defenseless.

Die in Portobello, possibly disease when attacking small towns around the city.

His body and that of Hawkins, said that was released into the sea. At death his two chief captains the expedition returned to England.

FRANCIS DRAKE: Pirate slave to Corsair, Corsair Expeditions Francis Drake, The Pioneer, Marino Early, pupil of John Hawkins, escaped from Veracruz, Attacks on the Canary Islands, A Cartagena de Indias, A Santo Domingo, Armada, circumnavigated the planet, navigation charts, A real treasure, First Colony, fire Cádiz, Failed in Coruña, El egomaniac, Pretentious, Defeated in Puerto Rico, died in Portobelo


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